If you want a peek into the heart of ancient China, a visit to the Huangdi (Yellow Emperor) Mausoleum Scenic Area is essential. The mausoleum of Huangdi is considered as the most important ancient grave site in the country, built in honor of the first mythical king and progenitor of the Chinese people. It is said that Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Qin dynasty made sacrifices at the site in 220 BC. Modern leaders such as Sun Yat-sen and Mao Zedong have also sent officials to pay homage to Huangdi. After many years' development and reconstruction, it has become a key point of interest for historical Chinese culture. Located about 160 kilometers north on 210 National Road, the site is divided into two parts: the Xuanyuan Temple area is close to the road while the Tomb Area is further back. The main structures inside the temple are Temple Gate, Chengxin Kiosk, Stele Pavilion and Renwen Chuzu Hall. Inside the grand hall, Huangdi's seat of spirit tablet – an exquisite piece of wood with his name on it – is worshipped. The mausoleum itself sits atop Mt. Qiao surrounded by a dense forest of 60,000 cypress trees, half of which date back to a thousand years. The walk/climb up to the tomb takes around 15 minutes. The complex is rather big and you can easily spend two hours exploring the temple, tomb and its surrounding area.